Campus years are treasured by graduates long after they leave the hallowed portals of their universities. Not only does that time shape their thinking, this phase allows young minds to open up, to understand the path they want to take, and sometimes, more importantly, the road they don’t want to follow. With that at the very core, the Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan, a centrally sponsored programme, aims to work with 300-plus state universities and its affiliated colleges to raise the bar of campus life. Launched in 2013, the RUSA aims at providing strategic funding to eligible state higher educational institutions. The central funding (in the ratio of 60:40 for general category states, 90:10 for special category states and 100% for union territories) is based on norms and is outcome dependent. Funds flow from the central ministry through the state governments/union territories to the State Higher Education Councils before reaching the identified institutions. Funding to states would be made on the basis of the critical appraisal of State Higher Education Plans, which would enlist each state’s strategy to address issues of equity, access and excellence in higher education. RUSA places greater emphasis on the improvement of the quality of teaching-learning processes in order to produce employable and competitive graduates, post-graduates and PhDs. Spread across two plan periods (XII and XIII), the programme focuses on state higher educational institutions and draws upon the best practices from colleges and universities across the nation. In short, RUSA isn’t a touch-up tint of paint .It is the central government’s plan to develop every state university to its most exemplary version
RUSA was born out of a dream and a passion to allow state to thrive in an ecosystem that isn’t stuck in time. In fact, experts, vice chancellors, professors and industry, had often derided higher education of not being worthwhile.Lofty promises of an education that would work had crumbled. The archaic systems and regulations that govern universities hence needed to be redrawn. Without bringing about reforms in the existing governance and regulatory systems, it was not be possible to unleash the potential of state universities. The reforms initiated under the RUSA aim to build a self-sustaining momentum that will push for greater accountability and autonomy of state institutions and impress upon them the need to improve the quality of education and infrastructure.
The key objectives of RUSA are to improve access, equity and quality in higher education through planned development of higher education at the state level. Objectives include creating new academic institutions, expanding and upgrading the existing ones, developing institutions that are self-reliant in terms of quality education, professionally managed, and characterized by greater inclination towards research and provide students with education that is relevant to them as well the nation as a whole.
Usher transformative reforms in the state higher education system by creating a facilitative institutional structure for planning and monitoring at the state level, promoting autonomy in State Universities and improving governance in institutions.
Ensure reforms in the affiliation, academic and examination systems.
Ensure adequate availability of quality faculty in all higher educational institutions and promote capacity building at all levels of employment.
Create an enabling atmosphere in the higher educational institutions to promote research and innovation.
Expand institutional base by creating additional capacity in existing institutions and establish new institutions, to achieve higher enrollment.
Correct the regional imbalances in terms of access to higher education by setting up institutions in un-served and underserved areas of the country.
Improve equity in higher education by providing adequate opportunities of higher education to SC/STs and socially and educationally backward classes; promote inclusion of women, minorities, and differently abled persons.
Improve the overall quality of state institutions by ensuring conformity to prescribed norms and standards and adopt accreditation as a mandatory quality assurance framework
The overarching commitment of the RUSA is the consolidation of the universities and their component colleges. RUSA aims to create new universities through upgradation of existing autonomous colleges and by conversion of colleges to a cluster. It will create new model degree colleges, new professional colleges and provide infrastructural support to universities and colleges. Faculty recruitment support, faculty improvements programmes and leadership development of educational administrators is also an important part of the scheme. In order to enhance skill development the existing central scheme of Polytechnics has been subsumed within RUSA. A separate component to synergise vocational education with higher education has also been included in RUSA. Besides these, RUSA also supports reforming, restructuring and building capacity of institutions in participating states.
Upgradation of existing autonomous colleges to Universities.
Conversion of colleges to Cluster Universities.
Vocationalisation of Higher Education.
Infrastructure grants to Universities.
Leadership Development of Educational Administrators.
New Model Colleges (General).
Institutional restructuring & reforms.
Capacity building & preparation, data collection & planning.
New Colleges (Professional).
Infrastructure grants to colleges.
Faculty Recruitment Support.
Research, innovation and quality improvement.
Upgradation of existing degree colleges to model colleges.